Zoological name: The genus Camelus contains two species: the Arabian or dromedary camel (Camelus dormedirius) and the Bactrian camel (c. bactrianus). Both the species can be
interbred and offspring produced from such crossing are fertile.
Distribution: They are found in Central Asia, South West Asia and North Africa.
Habitat: Camels are adapted to deserts.
Physical feature: The body weight ranges from 400 to 750 kg. The males are larger than females. The colour varies from brown to grey. Legs are elongated. The long curved neck, the split upper lip, small nails, long hairs on top of the heads, and horny callosities on the chests and joints are the other characteristic features.
Behaviour: Camels are known for high adaptability to extreme cold and hot conditions. They are found in small herds comprising four to 6 animals. The male protrudes a red pouch (soft palate pouch) in rut.