Reproduction: Sexual maturity is attained at 20-23 months, though some
individuals may attain this at 14-16 months. They are seasonally polyestrous. Some authors have reported that there is no regular breeding season and cubs
may born in all the months. Estrus lasts for 1 to 3 days or more. They remain
together for a day or two so as to mate several times during this period. The
dominant male usually mates with the female. She gives birth one to eight (average
three) cubs after a gestation period of 84-95 days. The new born cubs weighing
250-350 g have a coat colour of blue grey on the back and brown with dark spots
on the rest. Young are cared by mother for about one year of age.
Behaviour: Cheetah hunts in open plain predominately by day. They kill most
prey by strangling. In the wild, it drags the prey to a safe place before eating.
Females are more solitary but they are also found in a family unit comprising a
single female and her young. Cheetahs defecate on tops of logs, rocks, or in
shady areas. Most salient behaviours observed among mature cheetahs include
social grooming, licking the fur of other family members, and capturing and eating
flies and ticks. Young are reputed for their playfulness.
Life span: Cheetahs are known to live 10-12 years in the wild, though they have been reported to live up to 17 years in captivity.