In their natural state, water fowl eat animal and plant matters.These include grasses, tubers, seeds, leaves, fish, frogs, snails, worms, insects,reptiles and tender shoots of wheat, gram and other crops.
Housing: Ducks are maintained in yards with low fences or on ponds and lakes surrounded by low fencing. The maintenance of water quality is important for aquatic birds. The water should be changed periodically (e.g. once a week). This will help in maintaining the optimal water quality. The minimum environmental temperature should be maintained between 35 and 40oP. Aquatic birds should be provided a minimum of 12-14 hours of photoperiod during breeding. The area for grazing and loafing is essential for waterfowl. Ducks can be kept in both indoor and outdoor houses.