Ratites in general are maintained in small groups within a large enclosure. Emus can be kept in flocks if adequate space is available. Normally, ratites become aggressive during breeding time.
Therefore, birds should be confined properly.
Some management practices:
• Food should be provided at same time, same person and same container as far as possible.
• Inadequate diet causes nutritional stress for captive birds. Therefore, diets should be scientifically evaluated. The body weight should be measured regularly.
• Stress should be avoided during capture and physical examination of birds as far as possible.
• Reduced appetite, abnormal breathing patterns, soiled vent, loss of feathers, bleeding, loss of body weight and reduced vocalization are the clinical characteristics of sick birds. Sick birds should be isolated. They should also be properly examined.
• Regular cleaning of floors, utensils and other necessary items is important.