Zoological name: Bos gaurus is the zoological name of Indian bison. There are three recognized subspecies: B. g. gaurus (India and Nepal), B. g. readi (Myanmar, Thailand and Indo-China), and B. g. hubbacki (Malayasia). The gaur is the largest animal among all the wild cattle.
Distribution: Indian bison is restricted to India, Myanmar, Vietnam, Nepal and Malaysia.
Habitat: Indian bison is found predominantly in the hills. Their ideal habitats are characterized by (a) large, relatively undisturbed forest tracts, (b) hilly terrain below an altitude of 5000 to 6000 ft, (c) availability of water, and (d) an abundance of forage in the form of coarse grasses, shrubs and trees.
Reproduction: They are sexually mature at three years of age. Rutting takes place between November and March. Usually, a single calf is born after completion of about 9 months gestation. The newly born calf is light golden-yellow in colour. Calf remains with the mother for about two years.