Zoological name: The zoological name of gharial is Gavialis
Distribution: The gharials are distributed in the rivers Ganga, Mahanadi, Indus, Brahmaputra and their tributaries of Indian subcontinent. Today they are mostly found in the Chambal, Girwa, Rapti and Narayani rivers of the Ganga river system in India. They are also distributed in the Irrawaddy and Arakan river systems in Myanmar.
Habitat: They are found in deep pools at river junctions and the deep gorges in hilly country.
Physical feature: The length is usually 12-15 feet, though individual specimen may reach up to 20 feet or more. An adult gharial may be dark olive or brownish olive in colour. The young, however, are greyish brown with five irregular transverse bands on the body and nine on the tail. Gharials are distinguished by having very long and narrow snouts and sharp-toothed jaws. It has small legs and a large tail base. The long jaws are armed with more than hundred teeth. There are 27 to 29 undifferentiated teeth on each side of the upper jaw and 25 to 26 teeth in lower jaw of each side. The first 3 teeth of the lower jaw fit into notches on the upper jaw. The male develops a big outgrowth at the tip of its snout. It is more pronounced during breeding season. In India, this outgrowth is compared to an earthenware pot called "ghara" and hence, it is called gharial.