Zoological name: Four species of jungle fowl have been recognized. They are red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus), Ceylon or La Fayettii's jungle fowl (G. lafayettii), grey or Sonnerat's jungle fowl (G. Sonneratii) and green jungle fowl (G. varius).
Distribution: The jungle fowl are confined in South and Southeast Asia. The red jungle fowl is the widely known species. They occur in India, Bangladesh, Thailand, Malaysia, China and many other parts of- Southeast Asian countries. The Indian red jungle fowl (G. g. murghi) are distributed mainly in the Himalayan foothills and terai regions. The grey jungle fowl and the Ceylon jungle fowl are also found in India.
Physical feature: They have similarities in general appearance and anatomical features with their domestic counterparts. The mature body weight is 1.5 to 3.3 kg. The other salient features include a fleshy comb, lobbed wattles and a curved tail. The cock of red jungle fowl has fiery red and golden brown plumage. The hen is rusty brown.