Zoological name: The zoological name of leopard is Panthera
pardus. There are 14 recognized subspecies of leopards all
over the world. The Indian subcontinent is blessed with
five subspecies such as the Indian leopard (P.p.fusca), the
Persian leopard (P.p.saxicolor), and the Sikkim and Nepal
Distribution: These carnivores are the natives of Africa and Asia. Leopards are the most widespread members in the Felidae family and this is largely because of their highly adaptable hunting and feeding behaviours. Moreover, they can adapt to a wide variety of habitats.
Habitat: As mentioned earlier that leopards are adapted to a wide variety of habitats ranging from the tropical rain forests to almost urban dwellings. Leopard is equally comfortable in marshy land, semi-desert terrain and low lying scrub. The black panther is found in the high rainfall area of eastern India and Western Ghat.
Physical feature: The size ranges from about 5 ft 4 inch to 9 ft in length and weighs 30-90 kg. Like most members in the cat family, males are larger and heavier than females. The ground colour is usually tawny yellow and is marked with rounded black or dark brown spots. These spots are hollowed unlike cheetah. The black colour is due to melanin pigment.