Reproduction: The attainment of sexual maturity in leopards is about two and a
half year. Over most of their ranges, they breed throughout the year. Females
are sexually receptive at three to seven weeks of interval. Usually three blind and
fully furred cubs (range 1-6) are born after a gestation period of 90-105 days. The
new born cubs weigh 430-570 g and their eyes are open after about ten days of
birth. Cubs remain with the mother up to 18-24 months. These animals can be
crossed with the lions in captivity and the resulting crossbreds are called "leopons".
Behaviour: Leopards are least social animals and have no adult social groups. Territories are marked by urine spraying onto logs, branches and tree trunks. They hunt singly generally at night. Another interesting fact is that leopard often drags its prey" up tree where it can eat and store so as to avoid any disturbance from scavengers. Leopards enjoy climbing trees and have a habit of basking on the branches in the sun. When there is shortage of its natural prey base in the wild, the leopard comes in to the periphery of human habitat and preys on the domestic livestock. The black panther is bolder and pugnacious.
Life span: The life span is 12-15 years in the wild, though it has been reported a long life span (20 years) in captivity.