Zoological name: The zoological name of lion is Panthera leo.
There are two sub species- the Asiatic lion (P.l. persica) and the
African lion (P.l.leo).
Distribution: Lions are found in Africa and Asia. The Asiatic lions are now only confined to Gir forest of Gujarat state in India.
Habitat: Lions prefer to live in open grasslands.
Physical feature: An adult lion may reach up to an average length of 9 ft including tail and weighs up to 240 kg. It stands 4 ftat the shoulder. The coat colour is sandy buff with whitish on belly and inner side of legs. The back of the ears is black. The male has well developed manes. Eyes are yellow in colour. The female has four nipples. The upper surface of the tongue is coated with backward curved homey papillae. However, the Asian lion can be distinguished from the African lion by the following points:
• The Asiatic lion is the cousin of the African lion and is slightly smaller than African lion.
• The Asiatic lions have a thicker coat and have a longer tassel of hair at the end of the tail. Moreover, they bear smaller and scantier manes. • The Asiatic lion has a more pronounced belly fringe and a more prominent tuff of hair on its elbow.