Zoological name: The zoological name is Cerous unicolor. Out of
six recognized subspecies, the C.u.niger (India), C.u.unicolor (Sri
Lanka) and C.u.malaccensis (Mayanmar, Thailand, Indo-China etc.)
are well known.
Physical feature: A full grown male may reach up to 320 kg in body weight. The stags stand 48-56 inches high at the shoulder. The length of body is 6-7 feet and tail length is 12-13 inches. It has a coarse and shaggy coat. Colouration is uniformly dark-brown with yellowish tinge under the chin, tail and inside the limbs. The winter coat is grey-brown to dark brown while the summer coat is brown to chestnut brown. Adult males are darker than does and young. The tip of the tail is black. The other salient features include erect ears, bushy tails and large infraorbital glands. Antlers are branched with long brow tines at acute angle and have forwarded pointing terminal forks. The antlers are generally about 20-35 inches long. It attains full growth at about four years of age. In central and southern India, shedding of antlers takes place between March and April. The growth of new antlers begins towards the end of May and ceases about the end of September.