Distribution: It is the largest deer in south-east Asia. Besides
India, sambar also makes its home in China, Myanmar, Sri Lanka,
Indonesia, Sumatra etc. They are widely distributed in India.
Habitat: The habitats of this deer include mountains, coastal forests, swampy
lands and agricultural fields.
Reproduction: Sambar sexually mature at about 16 months of age. The rutting season begins in the months of October-December. One or two fawns are born by the female shortly before rains. Gestation period is recorded about eight months. Usually the female gives birth once a year. Fawns remain with mother for about two years.
Behaviour: They are predominantly a forest animal coming out into the open occasionally at dusk and during the night. They are mainly active at night. On being alarms, the male has a loud and whistling call. Sambar are essentially not gregarious animals and the typical herd is composed of not more than six animals. The male lead a solitary existence except flitting season. Occasionally, stags stand up on their hind legs like a goat called" preaching". Sambar have regular stamping grounds in the forest and as well as in the open ground. In the early part of the rut the "sore spot" becomes noticeable on the ventral surface of the neck of sambar. Wallowing is a prominent behaviour of stags during rutting season.
Life span: The longevity ranges from ten to twenty five years.