Distribution: They are found in India and Sri Lanka.
Habitat: The sloth bears inhabit in forests.
Physical feature: The ground colour is normally black occasionally mixed with brown, grey or rusty red. Sloth bears are characterized by having long white curved claws, naked and mobile lips, short tails, long snouts, extensive tongues, small molar teeth and long and shaggy hairs. The flesh is dark in colour. It stands about 4-5 ft at the shoulder and weighs 90-150 kg. It has a characteristic whitish 'V' shaped mark on its chest.
Reproduction: Southern populations breed throughout the year, while their counterparts in the northern area breed in June. The female usually gives birth two young (range 1-3) in a ground shelter after a gestation period of 210 days. Cubs leave the den after two to three months of birth. Young remain with the mother for about 2-3 years. Females usually breed only once in three years in the wild.